Dating during catholic annulment
The Church permits a physical separation of the spouses and living apart, but the two still remain married until an annulment is granted (if applicable).“The Christian community is called to help these persons live out their situation in a Christian manner and in fidelity to their marriage bond which remains indissoluble,” (The Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1649). An annulment is not a Catholic divorce, bur rather says that the marriage never met the conditions to be considered sacramental.
If at least one criterion for sacramental marriage was not met then the marriage can be considered invalid and an annulment will be granted.
The main reason for getting an annulment is that the sacrament of marriage wasn’t valid.
In other words, if one or both spouses didn’t to enter a permanent, faithful, and fruitful (if God wills it) union, then that deficiency renders the marriage invalid.
Some other reasons for annulment of a marriage include mental incapacity, bigamy, incest, force or grave fear, and refusal or inability to consummate the marriage.
If you receive a civil divorce, but no annulment, then you are still married to the other person in the eyes of the Church and would be committing adultery if you married another.
Jesus says, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery,” (Mark -12).
The tribunal process seeks to determine if something essential was missing at the moment of consent, that is, the time of the wedding. The person who is asking for the declaration of nullity – the petitioner – submits written testimony about the marriage and a list of persons who are familiar with the marriage.
If so, the Church can declare that a valid marriage was never actually brought about on the wedding day. These people must be willing to answer questions about the spouses and the marriage.